J. Alexander’s Holdings, Inc. Reports Results for Third Quarter and First Nine Months of 2016

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Friday, November 4, 2016 3:06 pm CDT
NASHVILLE, Tenn.
NYSE:
JAX
"We believe our plan of action implemented at the beginning of the year has enabled us to achieve the intended results in terms of increasing both sales and guest counts."

NASHVILLE, Tenn.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--J. Alexander’s Holdings, Inc. (NYSE: JAX) (the Company) today reported financial results for the third quarter and nine months ended October 2, 2016.

Third Quarter 2016 Highlights Compared To The Third Quarter Of 2015

• Net sales increased $2,124,000, or 4.3%, to $51,459,000 from $49,335,000 in the third quarter a year ago.

• For the J. Alexander’s/Redlands Grill restaurants, average weekly same store sales per restaurant(1) were $104,200, an increase of 1.4% from $102,800 recorded in the third quarter of 2015, and for the Stoney River Steakhouse and Grill restaurants, average weekly same store sales per restaurant increased to $61,900, or 1.8%, from $60,800 recorded in the third quarter of 2015. The most recent period marked the ninth consecutive quarter of increases in average weekly same store sales for Stoney River Steakhouse and Grill.

• Income from continuing operations before income taxes totaled $1,177,000 during the third quarter of 2016 compared to a loss from continuing operations before income taxes of $2,437,000 in the third quarter of 2015. The results for the third quarter of 2015 were impacted by non-recurring transaction expenses of $4,197,000 associated with the spin-off from Fidelity National Financial Ventures, LLC (FNFV) in September 2015. Excluding these non-recurring transaction expenses, income from continuing operations before income taxes would have totaled $1,760,000 for the third quarter of 2015. The results also included income tax expense of $121,000 in the third quarter of 2016 and an income tax benefit of $66,000 in the third quarter of 2015.

• Net income for the third quarter of 2016 totaled $945,000 as compared to a loss of $2,477,000 reported in the comparable quarter of 2015.

• Basic and diluted earnings per share totaled $0.06 for the third quarter of 2016 as compared to a loss of $0.17 reported in the third quarter of 2015. In computing earnings per share for periods prior to the Company’s spin-off from FNFV in September 2015, weighted average common shares outstanding are based on the number of shares outstanding at the date of the Company’s spin-off from FNFV as if all shares had been outstanding since the beginning of the earliest period presented.

• Adjusted EBITDA(2) decreased $29,000, or 0.7%, to $4,397,000 from $4,426,000 in the third quarter of 2015.

• Restaurant Operating Profit Margin(3) was 10.9% for the third quarter of 2016 as compared to 10.8% in the third quarter of 2015.

• Cost of sales as a percentage of net sales in the third quarters of 2016 and 2015 was 31.6%.

(1) Average weekly same store sales per restaurant is computed by dividing total restaurant same store sales for the period by the total number of days all same store restaurants were open for the period to obtain a daily sales average. The daily same store sales average is then multiplied by seven to arrive at average weekly same store sales per restaurant. Days on which restaurants are closed for business for any reason other than scheduled closures on Thanksgiving and Christmas are excluded from this calculation. Sales and sales days used in this calculation include only those for restaurants in operation at the end of the period which have been open for more than eighteen months. Revenue associated with reduction in liabilities for gift cards which are considered to be only remotely likely to be redeemed (based on historical redemption rates) is not included in the calculation of average weekly same store sales per restaurant. Average weekly same store sales is computed from net sales amounts that have been determined in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP).

(2) Please refer to the financial information accompanying this release for our definition of and a reconciliation of the non‐GAAP financial measure Adjusted EBITDA to net income (loss). Management uses Adjusted EBITDA to evaluate operating performance and the effectiveness of its business strategies.

(3) Restaurant Operating Profit Margin” is the ratio of Restaurant Operating Profit, a non‐GAAP financial measure, to net sales. Please refer to the financial information accompanying this release for our definition of and a reconciliation of the non‐GAAP financial measure Restaurant Operating Profit to net income (loss). Management uses Restaurant Operating Profit to measure operating performance at the restaurant level.

Stock Repurchase Program

During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015, the Company’s Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program for up to 1.5 million shares of the Company’s outstanding common stock over a period of three years. Share repurchases under the program have been made, and are expected to be made, solely from cash on hand and available operating cash flow. Repurchases will be made in accordance with applicable securities laws and may be made from time to time in the open market. The timing, prices, and amount of repurchases will depend upon prevailing market prices, general economic and market conditions and other considerations. The repurchase program does not obligate the Company to acquire any particular amount of stock. No shares were purchased by the Company under the program during the third quarter of 2016. Since inception of the stock repurchase program, 300,059 shares have been purchased by the Company under the program at an aggregate purchase price of $3,153,000.

Chief Executive Officer’s Review/Third Quarter

“We were pleased with the overall performance of both J. Alexander’s/Redlands Grill and Stoney River Steakhouse and Grill restaurant groups in the most recent quarter,” said Lonnie J. Stout II, President and Chief Executive Officer of J. Alexander’s Holdings, Inc. “Same store sales and guest counts were up in both restaurant groups when compared to the third quarter of 2015.”

Stout noted that the J. Alexander’s/Redlands Group posted an increase in average weekly same store sales of 1.4% while guest counts rose 3.4% for the quarter. The Stoney River concept recorded an increase in average weekly same store sales of 1.8%, with total weekly sales averages per restaurant up 9.0% due to the positive impact of the Company’s Stoney River restaurant in Germantown, TN. Guest counts for the Stoney River restaurants climbed 2.8% for the same store sales base of restaurants compared to the third quarter of 2015, and increased by 15.5% including the Germantown location.

“We are encouraged with the turnaround in average weekly same store sales compared to the trends we posted in the first two quarters of 2016,” Stout continued. “We believe our plan of action implemented at the beginning of the year has enabled us to achieve the intended results in terms of increasing both sales and guest counts.”

The Company’s consolidated operating income for the third quarter of 2016 was $1,306,000 compared to a consolidated operating loss of $2,265,000 recorded in the comparable quarter a year ago. The Company’s effective tax rate for the third quarter of 2016 was 11.4% compared to a benefit of 2.6% in the third quarter of 2015.

Restaurant labor and related costs as a percentage of net sales totaled 32.1% for both the third quarter of 2016 and the comparable quarter a year earlier. Other restaurant operating expenses were 21.1% of net sales during the third quarter of 2016 compared to 21.3% of net sales in the corresponding quarter a year ago.

Average guest checks, which include alcoholic beverage sales, for the combined J. Alexander’s/Redlands Grill concepts decreased 1.8% to $30.11 in the third quarter of 2016 compared to $30.67 in the corresponding quarter of 2015. Average guest checks for the same store base within the Stoney River Steakhouse and Grill concept were down 0.8% to $45.52 in the third quarter of 2016 from $45.89 in the third quarter of 2015. Including the Germantown Stoney River location, which is open for both lunch and dinner, average guest checks totaled $43.44 during the third quarter of 2016, a 5.4% decrease from the third quarter of 2015. The effect of menu price adjustments for the most recent quarter was estimated to be a 0.6% decrease for the J. Alexander’s/Redlands Grill restaurants and a 0.7% decrease for the Stoney River Steakhouse and Grill restaurants compared to the same period a year earlier. Deflation in food costs for the third quarter of 2016 was estimated to total 1.5% for the J. Alexander’s/Redlands Grill restaurants, with beef costs declining by approximately 6.4% compared to the third quarter of 2015. For the Stoney River Steakhouse and Grill restaurants, deflation for the third quarter of 2016 was an estimated 2.7%, with beef costs declining by approximately 6.4% compared to the third quarter a year ago.

Stout noted that the Company has incurred certain general and administrative expenses as a public company that did not exist in previous periods while the Company was a majority-owned subsidiary of FNFV. During the third quarter of 2016, J. Alexander’s Holdings, Inc. incurred approximately $300,000 of public company costs that it did not incur in last year’s third quarter. The Company also incurred consulting fees of $133,000 during the third quarter of 2016 from its management agreement with Black Knight Advisory Services, LLC (“Black Knight”) and recognized $246,000 of non-cash profits interest compensation expense for Black Knight in the third quarter of 2016.

First Nine Months 2016 Highlights

For the first nine months of fiscal 2016, the Company recorded net sales of $162,259,000, up 2.3% from $158,610,000 during the comparable three quarters of fiscal 2015. The New Year’s Eve week, traditionally one of the Company’s strongest sales weeks, occurred twice during fiscal 2015 which had a positive impact on both the first and fourth quarters of fiscal 2015. Fiscal 2016 began January 4, 2016 and, as such, did not receive the benefit of the New Year’s Eve week during the first nine months of fiscal 2016. Income from continuing operations before income taxes was $5,860,000 for the first three quarters of 2016 compared to $3,306,000 for the first three quarters of 2015. Included in the results were non‐recurring transaction expenses of $62,000 in the first nine months of 2016 and $6,311,000 in the corresponding three quarters of 2015. Excluding these non-recurring transaction expenses, income from continuing operations before income taxes would have totaled $5,922,000 for the first nine months of 2016 and $9,617,000 for the corresponding nine months of 2015. Results also included income tax expense of $1,210,000 in the first three quarters of 2016 and an income tax benefit of $45,000 in the first three quarters of 2015.

The Company recorded net income of $4,322,000 for the first nine months of 2016 compared to $3,034,000 in the first nine months of 2015. Adjusted EBITDA(2)for the first nine months of 2016 totaled $16,047,000, down from $17,743,000 recorded in the first nine months of 2015. Basic and diluted earnings per share totaled $0.29 for the first nine months of 2016, up from $0.20 for the first nine months of 2015. See attached “Adjusted EBITDA Reconciliation” for a definition of Adjusted EBITDA and a reconciliation to net income (loss).

Within the J. Alexander’s/Redlands Grill restaurants, average weekly same store sales per restaurant(1) totaled $109,100 for the first nine months of 2016, down 1.2% from $110,400 in the first three quarters of 2015. For the Stoney River Steakhouse and Grill restaurants, average weekly same store sales totaled $68,500 for the first nine months of 2016, up 1.3% from $67,600 during the first nine months of 2015.

Guest counts within the same store base of restaurants increased by 0.6% within the J. Alexander’s/Redlands Grill restaurants for the most recent nine-month period, and rose by 1.3% within the Stoney River Steakhouse and Grill restaurants in the first nine months of 2016. Total guest counts for the Stoney River locations increased by 11.5% during the first nine months of 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. The average guest check at the combined J. Alexander’s/Redlands Grill locations decreased by 1.8%, from $30.71 during the first nine months of 2015 to $30.17 during the first nine months of 2016, while the Stoney River average guest check decreased by 3.7%, from $45.54 to $43.86 during the same comparative periods. Within the same store base of ten Stoney River locations, the average guest check increased by 0.2% from $45.54 during the first nine months of 2015 to $45.63 during the corresponding period of 2016. The effect of menu price changes for the first nine months of 2016 was estimated to be a 0.9% decrease at J. Alexander’s/Redlands Grill locations and a 0.1% decrease at the Stoney River restaurants compared to the first nine months of 2015.

Cost of sales as a percentage of net sales for the nine months ended October 2, 2016 was 31.9% as compared to 31.6% in the first nine months of 2015. Deflation in food costs for the three quarters of 2016 was estimated to total 1.1% for the J. Alexander’s/Redlands Grill restaurants, with beef costs declining by approximately 2.6% compared to the first three quarters of 2015. For the Stoney River Steakhouse and Grill restaurants, deflation for the first three quarters of 2016 was an estimated 1.6%, including an estimated 3.3% decline in beef costs on a comparative basis. Restaurant labor and related costs for the most recent nine months was 30.9% of net sales, up from 30.5% of net sales in the comparable period of 2015. Other restaurant operating expenses increased to 20.3% of net sales during the most recent nine-month reporting period from 20.2% of net sales in the first three quarters of 2015. Restaurant operating profit margins for the first nine months of 2016 were 12.9%, down from 13.7% in the same nine months of 2015.

For the nine months ended October 2, 2016, J. Alexander’s Holdings, Inc. incurred approximately $900,000 of public company costs that it did not incur in the first nine months of 2015. The Company also incurred consulting fees of $451,000 during the first nine months of 2016 from its management agreement with Black Knight and recognized non-cash profits interest compensation expense for Black Knight totaling $1,158,000.

Outlook For 2016/Guidance

“While we are encouraged with the results of our initiatives to build guest counts and sales during the first nine months of 2016, our focus on featuring more of our value-oriented entrées impacted both revenue as well as the related flow through to restaurant operating profit,” Stout observed. “As we look ahead to the holidays, we anticipate our feature program in most markets will be returning to the more traditional entrée offerings which, coupled with what we anticipate will be continued favorable beef pricing, should help us to finish the year with solid momentum.”

Based upon current information, Stout updated the Company’s previously released guidance for full-year 2016 as follows:

         
Updated Guidance
Prior Guidance     Full-Year 2016
Same Store Sales:
 
J. Alexander’s/Redlands Grill 0% to 1% -0.5% to 0.5%
 
Stoney River Steakhouse and Grill 2% to 3% 1% to 2%
 
Capital Expenditures $20MM to $21.5MM $18MM to $20MM
 
Total Revenue $222MM to $226MM $218MM to $220MM
 
Net Income $7.0MM to $7.8MM $7.2MM to $7.8MM
 
Adjusted EBITDA $25.1MM to $26.1MM $24.1MM to $24.9MM
 
Effective Tax Rate 23.5% 22.0%
 
Basic EPS Range $0.47 to $0.53 $0.48 to $0.53
 

See attached “Reconciliation of Updated Guidance Range for 2016 Adjusted EBITDA” for a reconciliation of estimated Adjusted EBITDA to estimated net income.

Restaurant Development

J. Alexander’s Holdings, Inc. has opened one new Stoney River Steakhouse and Grill (January 25, 2016) in Germantown, TN, and on July 29, 2016 signed a lease to build and operate the Company’s twelfth Stoney River Steakhouse and Grill to be located in Chapel Hill, NC. This restaurant is currently slated to open early in the first quarter of 2017.

The Company also has two new J. Alexander’s restaurants currently under construction, one in Raleigh, NC, with an anticipated opening date of December 12, 2016, and one in Lexington, KY, with an anticipated opening early in the first quarter of 2017.

Conference Call

The Company will hold a conference call on Monday, November 7, at 10 a.m., Central time, to discuss its financial results for the third quarter and first nine months of 2016. The conference call can be accessed live over the phone by dialing 1‐877‐407‐0789 (Toll‐Free) or 1‐201‐689‐8562 (Toll/International). To access the call via the internet, go to J. Alexander’s website at http://investor.jalexandersholdings.com or http://public.viavid.com/index.php?id=121391. A replay of the conference call will be available shortly following the conclusion of the call at http://investor.jalexandersholdings.com and http://public.viavid.com/index.php?id=121391, as well as by dialing 1‐844‐512-2921 or 1‐412‐317‐6671 and providing the access code 13647096. The replay will be accessible through November 14, 2016 via telephone, and for 30 days on the internet.

About J. Alexander’s Holdings, Inc.

J. Alexander’s Holdings, Inc. is a collection of restaurants that focus on providing high quality food, outstanding professional service and an attractive ambiance. The Company presently operates three complementary restaurant concepts: J. Alexander’s, Redlands Grill and Stoney River Steakhouse and Grill.

J. Alexander’s Holdings, Inc. presently operates 42 restaurants in 14 states. The Company has its headquarters in Nashville, TN.

Forward‐Looking Statements

This press release issued by J. Alexander’s Holdings, Inc. contains forward‐looking statements, which include all statements that do not relate solely to historical or current facts, such as statements regarding our expectations, intentions or strategies regarding the future. These forward‐looking statements are based on management's beliefs, as well as assumptions made by, and information currently available to, management. Because such statements are based on expectations as to future financial and operating results and are not statements of fact, actual results may differ materially from those projected and are subject to a number of known and unknown risks and uncertainties, including the Company’s ability to maintain satisfactory guest count levels and maintain or increase sales and operating margins in its restaurants under varying economic conditions; the effect of higher commodity prices, unemployment and other economic factors on consumer demand; increases in food input costs or product shortages and the Company’s response to them; the number and timing of new restaurant openings and the Company’s ability to operate them profitably; competition within the casual dining industry and within the markets in which our restaurants are located; adverse weather conditions in regions in which the Company’s restaurants are located; factors that are under the control of third parties, including government agencies; as well as other risks and uncertainties described under the headings "Forward‐Looking Statements," "Risk Factors" and other sections of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 30, 2016. The Company undertakes no obligation to update any forward‐looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

 

J. Alexander's Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited in thousands, except per share amounts)
      Quarter Ended     Nine Months Ended
October 2     September 27 October 2     September 27
2016 2015 2016 2015
 
Net sales $ 51,459 $ 49,335 $ 162,259 $ 158,610
Costs and expenses:
Cost of sales 16,252 15,581 51,695 50,177
Restaurant labor and related costs 16,540 15,819 50,087 48,455

Depreciation and amortization of restaurant property and equipment

2,232 2,088 6,636 6,128
Other operating expenses   10,833     10,516     32,909     32,066  
Total restaurant operating expenses 45,857 44,004 141,327 136,826
Transaction and integration expenses - 4,197 62 6,311
General and administrative expenses 4,104 3,378 13,963 11,242
Pre-opening expense   192     21     607     23  
Total operating expenses   50,153     51,600     155,959     154,402  
Operating income (loss) 1,306 (2,265 ) 6,300 4,208
Other income (expense):
Interest expense (147 ) (193 ) (514 ) (970 )
Other, net   18     21     74     68  
Total other expense   (129 )   (172 )   (440 )   (902 )

Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes

1,177 (2,437 ) 5,860 3,306
Income tax (expense) benefit (121 ) 66 (1,210 ) 45
Loss from discontinued operations, net   (111 )   (106 )   (328 )   (317 )
Net income (loss) $ 945   $ (2,477 ) $ 4,322   $ 3,034  
 
Adjusted EBITDA(1) $ 4,397   $ 4,426   $ 16,047   $ 17,743  
 
Basic Earnings (loss) per share:
Income (loss) from continuing operations, net of tax $ 0.07 $ (0.16 ) $ 0.31 $ 0.22
Loss from discontinued operations, net   (0.01 )   (0.01 )   (0.02 )   (0.02 )
Basic earnings (loss) per share $ 0.06   $ (0.17 ) $ 0.29   $ 0.20  
 
Diluted Earnings (loss) per share:
Income (loss) from continuing operations, net of tax $ 0.07 $ (0.16 ) $ 0.31 $ 0.22
Loss from discontinued operations, net   (0.01 )   (0.01 )   (0.02 )   (0.02 )
Diluted earnings (loss) per share $ 0.06   $ (0.17 ) $ 0.29   $ 0.20  
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding(2):
Basic 14,700 15,000 14,862 15,000
Diluted 14,700 15,000 14,869 15,000
 

(1) - See definitions and reconciliation attached.

(2) - Weighted average common shares outstanding for the prior year are based on the number of shares outstanding at the date of the Company's spin-off from Fidelity National Financial Ventures, LLC as if all shares had been outstanding since December 29, 2014.

 
 
J. Alexander's Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
Percentages of Sales (Unaudited)
      Quarter Ended     Nine Months Ended
October 2     September 27 October 2     September 27
2016 2015 2016 2015
Net sales 100.0 % 100.0 % 100.0 % 100.0 %
Costs and expenses:
Cost of sales 31.6 31.6 31.9 31.6

Restaurant labor and related costs

32.1 32.1 30.9 30.5

Depreciation and amortization of restaurant property and equipment

4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9
Other operating expenses   21.1     21.3     20.3     20.2  
Total restaurant operating expenses 89.1 89.2 87.1 86.3
Transaction and integration expenses - 8.5 0.0 4.0
General and administrative expenses 8.0 6.8 8.6 7.1
Pre-opening expense   0.4     0.0     0.4     0.0  
Total operating expenses   97.5     104.6     96.1     97.3  
Operating income (loss)   2.5     (4.6 )   3.9     2.7  
Other income (expense):
Interest expense (0.3 ) (0.4 ) (0.3 ) (0.6 )
Other, net   0.0     0.0     0.0     0.0  
Total other expense (0.3 ) (0.3 ) (0.3 ) (0.6 )

Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes

2.3

(4.9 ) 3.6 2.1
Income tax (expense) benefit (0.2 ) 0.1 (0.7 ) 0.0
Loss from discontinued operations, net   (0.2 )   (0.2 )   (0.2 )   (0.2 )
Net income (loss)   1.8 %   (5.0 )%   2.7 %   1.9 %
 
Adjusted EBITDA   8.5 %   9.0 %   9.9 %   11.2 %
 

Note: Certain percentage totals do not sum due to rounding.

 
Average weekly sales per restaurant:
 
J. Alexander’s Restaurant/Redlands Grill $ 104,200 $ 102,800 $ 108,800 $ 110,200
Percent change 1.4 % -1.3 %
 
Stoney River Steakhouse and Grill $ 66,300 $ 60,800 $ 72,500 $ 67,600

Percent change

9.0 % 7.2 %
 
Average weekly same store sales per restaurant:
 
J. Alexander’s Restaurant/Redlands Grill $ 104,200 $ 102,800 $ 109,100 $ 110,400
Percent change 1.4 % -1.2 %
 
Stoney River Steakhouse and Grill $ 61,900 $ 60,800 $ 68,500 $ 67,600
Percent change 1.8 % 1.3 %
 
 
J. Alexander's Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited in thousands)
      October 2     January 3
2016 2016
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 7,514 $ 13,424
Other current assets   5,847   5,555
Total current assets 13,361 18,979
 
Other assets 5,866 6,388
Property and equipment, net 94,625 89,313
Goodwill 15,737 15,737
Tradename and other indefinite-lived intangibles 25,155 25,155
Deferred Charges, net   301   264
$ 155,045 $ 155,836
 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
 
Current liabilities $ 22,792 $ 22,553

Long term debt, net of portion classified as current and unamortized deferred loan costs

16,652

19,226
Deferred compensation obligations 5,933 5,715
Deferred income taxes 3,883 5,002
Other long-term liabilities 5,298 4,537
Stockholders' equity   100,487   98,803
$ 155,045 $ 155,836
 
 
J. Alexander's Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited in thousands)       Nine Months Ended
October 2     September 27
2016 2015
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income $ 4,322 $ 3,034
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization of property and equipment 6,842 6,356
Equity-based compensation expense 1,834 388
Other, net (403 ) 403
Changes in assets and liabilities, net   (4,386 )   (1,930 )
Net cash provided by operating activities 8,209 8,251
 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchase of property and equipment (12,153 ) (7,287 )
Other investing activities   (244 )   (58 )
Net cash used in investing activities (12,397 ) (7,345 )
 
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from borrowing under debt agreement 4,000 10,000
Payments on long-term debt and obligations under capital leases (1,250 ) (11,255 )
Purchases of common stock (3,153 ) -
Other financing activities   (1,319 )   (187 )
Net cash used in financing activities   (1,722 )   (1,442 )
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents (5,910 ) (536 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period   13,424     13,301  
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 7,514   $ 12,765  
 
Supplemental disclosures:
Property and equipment obligations accrued at beginning of period $ 1,845 $ 1,444
Property and equipment obligations accrued at end of period 2,011 1,290
Cash paid for interest 503 952
Cash paid for income taxes 4,730 343
 

J. Alexander's Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Adjusted EBITDA Reconciliation
(Unaudited in thousands)

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Within this press release, we present the following non-GAAP financial measures which we believe are useful to investors as key measures of our operating performance:

We define “Adjusted EBITDA” as net income (loss) before interest expense, income tax expense (benefit), depreciation and amortization, and adding asset impairment charges and restaurant closing costs, loss on disposals of fixed assets, transaction and integration costs, non-cash compensation, loss from discontinued operations, gain on debt extinguishment, pre-opening costs and certain unusual items. Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure that we believe is useful to investors because it provides information regarding certain financial and business trends relating to our operating results. Adjusted EBITDA does not fully consider the impact of investing or financing transactions as it specifically excludes depreciation and interest charges, which should also be considered in the overall evaluation of our results of operations.

We define “Restaurant Operating Profit” as net sales less restaurant operating costs, which are cost of sales, restaurant labor and related costs, depreciation and amortization of restaurant property and equipment, and other operating expenses. Restaurant Operating Profit is a non-GAAP financial measure that we believe is useful to investors because it provides a measure of profitability for evaluation that does not reflect corporate overhead and other non-operating or unusual costs. “Restaurant Operating Profit Margin” is the ratio of Restaurant Operating Profit to net sales.

Our management uses Adjusted EBITDA and Restaurant Operating Profit to evaluate the effectiveness of our business strategies. We caution investors that amounts presented in accordance with the above definitions of Adjusted EBITDA or Restaurant Operating Profit may not be comparable to similar measures disclosed by other companies, because not all companies calculate these non-GAAP financial measures in the same manner. Adjusted EBITDA and Restaurant Operating Profit should not be assessed in isolation from, or construed as a substitute for, net income or net cash provided by operating, investing or financing activities, each as presented in accordance with GAAP.

A reconciliation of these non-GAAP financial measures to the closest GAAP measure is set forth in the following tables:

         
Quarter Ended Nine Months Ended
October 2     September 27 October 2     September 27
2016 2015 2016 2015
 
Net income (loss) $ 945 $ (2,477 ) $ 4,322 $ 3,034
 
Income tax expense (benefit) 121 (66 ) 1,210 (45 )
Interest expense 147 193 514 970
Depreciation and amortization   2,319   2,179     6,889   6,398  
 
EBITDA 3,532 (171 ) 12,935 10,357
 
Transaction and integration expenses - 4,197 62 6,311
Loss on disposal of fixed assets 54 103 164 224

Asset impairment charges and restaurant closing costs

1 1 3 2
Non-cash compensation 507 169 1,948 509
Loss from discontinued operations, net 111 106 328 317
Pre-opening expense   192   21     607   23  
 
Adjusted EBITDA $ 4,397 $ 4,426   $ 16,047 $ 17,743  
 

Note 1: For purposes of computing Adjusted EBITDA, the $246 and $1,158 for the quarter and nine months ended October 2, 2016, respectively, in non-cash compensation associated with a profits interest grant issued to Black Knight Advisory Services, LLC ("BKAS") on October 6, 2015 has been included in "Non-cash compensation" above. Additional expenses associated with the Company's management agreement with BKAS totaling $133 and $451 for the quarter and nine months ended October 2, 2016 are included in general and administrative expenses and have not been included in the reconciliation set forth above.

 
J. Alexander's Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Restaurant Operating Profit Reconciliation
(Unaudited in thousands)
      Quarter Ended     Nine Months Ended
October 2     September 27 October 2     September 27
2016 2015 2016 2015
Amount    

Percent of
Net Sales

Amount    

Percent of
Net Sales

Amount    

Percent of
Net Sales

Amount    

Percent of
Net Sales

Net income (loss) $ 945     1.8 % $ (2,477 )     -5.0 % $ 4,322     2.7 % $ 3,034     1.9 %
 
Loss from discontinued operations, net 111 0.2 % 106 0.2 % 328 0.2 % 317 0.2 %
Income tax expense (benefit) 121 0.2 % (66 ) -0.1 % 1,210 0.7 % (45 ) 0.0 %
Interest expense 147 0.3 % 193 0.4 % 514 0.3 % 970 0.6 %
Other, net (18 ) 0.0 % (21 ) 0.0 % (74 ) 0.0 % (68 ) 0.0 %
General and administrative expenses 4,104 8.0 % 3,378 6.8 % 13,963 8.6 % 11,242 7.1 %
Transaction and integration expenses - - 4,197 8.5 % 62 0.0 % 6,311 4.0 %
Pre-opening expense   192       0.4 %   21       0.0 %   607       0.4 %   23       0.0 %
 
Restaurant Operating Profit $ 5,602       10.9 % $ 5,331       10.8 % $ 20,932       12.9 % $ 21,784       13.7 %
 
 
J. Alexander's Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Reconciliation of Updated Guidance Range for 2016 Adjusted EBITDA
(Unaudited in thousands)
      Prior Guidance     Updated Guidance
Low     High Low     High
       
Net income (estimated) $ 7,000 $ 7,800 $ 7,200 $ 7,800
 
Income tax expense 2,150 2,395 2,030 2,200
Interest expense 805 805 755 755
Depreciation and amortization   9,200       9,200   9,270       9,270
 
EBITDA 19,155 20,200 19,255 20,025
 
Transaction and integration expenses 65 65 65 65
Loss on disposal of fixed assets 230 230 230 230
Non-cash compensation 3,000 3,000 2,700 2,700
Loss from discontinued operations, net 435 435 450 450
Pre-opening expense   2,200       2,200   1,410       1,410
 
Adjusted EBITDA $ 25,085     $ 26,130 $ 24,110     $ 24,880
 

Contact:

J. Alexander’s Holdings, Inc.
Mark A. Parkey, 615-269‐1900
Chief Financial Officer